The grading is based on two parameters: theory and practical marks, and students are required to achieve qualifying grades in a majority of their subjects to be promoted to the next class.

GradeGPAClass 11 and Class 12 Marks
A+4.090 to 100
A3.680 to 90
B+3.270 to 80
B2.860 to 70
C+2.450 to 60
C2.040 to 50
D+1.635 to 40
NGLess than 35

NEB Grading System

The NEB grading system’s scale is as follows:

  • A+: 4.0 GPA (90+ marks)
  • A: 3.6 GPA (80 to 90 marks)
  • B+: 3.2 GPA (70 to 80 marks)
  • B: 2.8 GPA (60 to 70 marks)
  • C+: 2.4 GPA (50 to 60 marks)
  • C: 2.0 GPA (40 to 50 marks)
  • D: 2.0 GPA (35 to 40 marks)
  • NG: Below 1.6 GPA (less than 35 marks, Not Graded)
NEB Grading System class 11 and class 12

The NEB system is subject-wise, meaning no cumulative grade is awarded; only individual subject grades are given. This approach is intended to provide a more nuanced understanding of a student’s strengths and weaknesses.

Formula to calculate GPA and Final Grade

NEB Grading System Formula

GPA = [∑(Credit Hour × Grade Point)]∕(Total Credit Hour of the Grade)

Final Grade = Weighted Average Grade of Theory (TH) and INTERNAL(IN)

For calculating grades, download this grade conversion sample.

Old vs New NEB Grading System

In comparison, traditional grading systems, such as those used in the United States, have included norm-referenced and criterion-referenced grading systems. Norm-referenced grading compares students to each other, with grades assigned based on a student’s rank in their class. Criterion-referenced grading, on the other hand, measures student performance against a fixed set of predetermined criteria or learning standards.

Alternative grading methods like standards-based and competency-based grading focus on demonstrating mastery of specific skills or knowledge areas. These methods aim to provide a more accurate picture of a student’s abilities and progress, rather than simply ranking them against their peers.

Pros and Cons of NEB Grading System

The NEB grading system has its pros and cons. On the positive side, it reduces the pressure on students by eliminating the pass or fail tag and provides a more comprehensive evaluation of student performance. However, some critics argue that it may not accurately reflect a student’s full academic potential.


NEB grading system for Class 11 and Class 12 is a significant shift from traditional grading methods, with a focus on reducing student pressure and providing a more comprehensive evaluation of performance. However, like all grading systems, it has its strengths and weaknesses, and its effectiveness can only be truly assessed in the context of the specific educational environment in which it is implemented.