Class 12 Compulsory English (Board Exam) Model Question Solution 2079 | Grade 12 English with Answer - Note Library


Class 12 Compulsory English (Board Exam) Model Question Solution 2079 | Grade 12 English with Answer


 Compulsory English (ENG. 004)

                         Grade XII

                   Model Questions Solution

Full Marks: 75                           Time: 3 hours

1. Read the text and complete the tasks that follow. 15

           How to stay fit, happy and healthy

If you’ve been listening to the news you already know about our national obesity levels rising by the day. It has never been more important to watch what you are eating and to get an adequate amount of exercise and sleep to keep yourself fit and healthy. Though it may feel like really hard work at first, once you adopt an exercise routine and start to adapt to a new situation, you’ll forget you ever did things differently. Here are the top four top adjustments you could make make:

Sleep is huge and almost a third of the US population doesn’t get near enough to help them stay physically and mentally healthy. If you are sleep deprived, try changing your habits in order to get a full eight hours every night.

Look at what you’re eating now and make changes where you see fit. If you are susceptible to snacking, keep a piece of fruit or a few nuts at hand. The key is to eat small meals throughout the day. Reduce portion sizes, remove white bread and replace with whole grains and make sure each meal contains at least one portion of fruit and – or vegetables. Healthy food doesn’t have to be expensive in the least bit, and you can get an abundance of low priced fruit and veggies, like apples, bananas, potatoes and peas.

Take a look at your current lifestyle and make a small list of everything you do that is not good for your health. This could be anything, from eating too much junk food or drinking too much caffeine, to smoking or drinking. Start the process of breaking these habits one by one. Some will be easy, while others may take months or maybe years to get rid of and eradicate completely from your life, but the sooner you start fighting, the better.

Some addictions (like smoking, drugs or alcohol) are incredibly bad not only to your health,but also to your pocketbook. If you smoke and/or drink, start by cutting back on how many drinks you have, or cigarettes you smoke, in a day, and if necessary, seek medical advice and assistance to make further steps towards stopping completely.

We all should be doing at least 30 minutes of exercise, 3 to 4 or more times a week, to maintain good health and keep fit. This can be pretty much anything that is physical, like walking,cycling, running, swimming to weightlifting, etc. This too does not have to be expensive, and you can get a great work out without joining any costly gyms. Most of these exercises are inexpensive, and just doing a cardiovascular exercise, like walking, jogging, or walking on a treadmill a few times a week will do your body (and heart) good.

A. Look at the highlighted words in the text. Complete these sentences using them. Two of them are not necessary. (5×1=5)

a. Disadvantaged people are deprived of social justice.

b. Nepal is a naturally rich country. In fact, it has an abundance of natural resources.

c. Older people with medical complications are susceptible to Covid-19.

d. I have made a few adjustments to the design to give the shirt a new look.

e. It took me seven hours to complete the task. It was incredibly difficult.

B. Choose the appropriate headings for paragraphs 2-6 from the list below and write the paragraph numbers next to them. (5×1=5)

a. Strive for a better diet Paragraph 3

b. Exercise, exercise, exercise Paragraph 6

c. Overcoming addictions Paragraph 5

d. Get more sleep Paragraph 2

e. Stop all those bad habits Paragraph 4

C. Answer the following questions. (5×1=5)

a. What percentage of the US population get enough sleep to stay healthy?

Ans:Almost a third of the US population doesn't get enough sleep to stay healthy.

b. Why is healthy food not always expensive?

Ans: Healthy food doesn't have to be expensive because there are many affordable options for fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. For example, apples, bananas, potatoes, and peas are all low-priced options.

c. What is the best way to get rid of bad habits?

Ans:The best way to get rid of bad habits is to make a small list of everything that is not good for your health and start  breaking these habits one by one. Some habits will be easy to break, while others may take months or years to eradicate completely.

d. Why do you think an addiction like smoking is worse than snacking on junk food?

Ans: An addiction like smoking is worse than snacking on junk food because smoking has a much greater impact on overall health and is linked to serious diseases such as lung cancer and heart disease. Snacking on junk food, while not healthy, is not typically associated with such severe health consequences.

e. What type of exercise is good for your heart?

Ans: Cardiovascular exercise like walking, jogging or walking on a treadmill a few times a week is good for our heart.

2. Write short answers to the following questions. (5×2=10)

a. Why were the people in the neighbourhood surprised at the role of the young man and his wife within their family? (Neighbours)

Ans: The people in the neighborhood were surprised at the role of the young man and his wife because his wife used to do work in hospital while he used to live in the house working on his thesis and cook for his wife when she return back home.

b. How does the author make fun using the words 'America' and 'the USA? (A Devoted Son)

Ans:The author makes fun with the words "America" and "The USA" by associating them with Verma's nature of dealing with the words as he considered "the USA" as more prestigious than "America". He said that America is the term to be called by his ignorant neighbours.

c. Explain the following lines with reference to the context: (The Awakening Age)

Along the line may our lives rhyme

To make a loving harvest of space and time.

Ans: According to the given lines, there will be peace, harmony, and fraternity in any country if everyone is joined by a shared sense of nationalism. In terms of race, culture, religion, politics,and economics, there must be no prejudice or division among people. We can lead our country to prosperity by giving up such things. Nigeria is unified, and its people are conscious of their previous sorrows, so they may now enjoy the benefits of love. People's lives in the new world will be so pleasant and full of rhymes.

d. What is the central idea of the essay Knowledge and Wisdom by Bertrand Russell?

Ans : Knowledge and Wisdom; by British essayist Bertrand Arthur William Russell, makes a distinction between the two concepts of knowledge and wisdom. There is a difference between knowledge and wisdom. As he sees it, knowledge is the gathering of information, while wisdom is the actual application and use of that information to produce value. In order to obtain wisdom, one must engage in both formal and informal education as well as hands-on experience.

e. How can you say that history has been a major contested issue in this present world?(Humility)

Ans: History has been a major contested issue in this present world due to diversified cultures and beliefs and feelings of superiority. Author seeks to eliminate society's false sense of superiority and authority in this article.

In today's environment, egoism has made history a contested topic. Egoism has led to a worldview in which most people believe they are the center of the universe. Everyone thinks that their culture is better than any other. They believe that they have the oldest history and that everything comes from their culture.

3. Write long answers to the following questions. (2X5=10)

a. Sketch the character of Famous Actress. How is she different from Earnest Young Woman? (A Matter of Husbands)

Ans : The Famous Actress of this play' A Matter of Husbands' is young and delightful. She is a good actress who works in theatre. She is good at acting. She seems so decent in her outer appearance. But she is a kind of illusive and evil inwardly. Here during this play, she has been suspected and blamed by the Earnest Young lady. She has a good quality of speech and has good communication skills. She defends herself quite carefully. She convinces Earnest Young Woman with her reasonings. The way she tells stories to prevent a woman from believing that her husband is having an affair with her is cunning and dishonest. It is revealed that Alfred, the husband of an Earnest Young Woman, was actually in her house at the end of the story that proved Famous Actress was living immoral life. 

The earnest young woman is illustrated as a simple-minded and innocent person who was easily believed the false story told by the actress. She had come to the actress in tears being sure that her husband was having an affair with the actress. However, the actress told a story to her of how her husband was trying to regain the love he had for her by doing things to get her jealous. Without asking questions, the earnest young woman believed her and bought into the story. The actress was cunning while the earnest young woman was innocent.

b. Write a short summary of the poem A Day by Emily Dickinson.

Ans: In this poem Emily describes the sunset and sunrise, as a village, and the things in that village.But the poem also describes the difficulties of recognising the world around us. The poem can bedivided into two halves: an eight-line section describing the sunrise, and an eight-line section,describing the speaker's lack of knowledge of the sunset. The sunrise is described in terms of a small village, with church steeples, town news, and ladies' bonnets. The sunset, on the other hand, is characterised as the gathering home of a flock. In this poem she probes nature's mysteries through the lens of the rising and setting Sun. Emily begins by emphasising that she is going to tell her audience 'How the Sun rose.' She symbolically compares the Sun's rays to ribbons that are let loose one at a time. The colourful rays slowly untangle over the ocean where the church steeples seem to 'swim in Amethyst.' As the bright fire of the Sun appears, the darkened blackness first turns blue, before taking on its brightness in the full glow of the Sun. Then suddenly the Sun's appearance spreads quickly. Emily then tells us how the entire nature is waking up and colour can be seen as far away as the hills, while the birds have started to sing.

Emily then emphasises in her surprised musing, 'That must have been the Sun!' It seems as if she was seeing it for the first time and wondering at the effect the mere rising of the Sun has had on all that she sees. Though when she says that 'But how he set, I know not' leads the readers to some drama and ambiguity about her thoughts. It seemed to her that as the sunset, she saw 'a purple stile' where little Yellow boy and girls were climbing.' She sees children climbing over abarrier, possibly going home after a day of tending sheep or perhaps simply on their way home from school. After climbing the stile, the children finally reach the other side, which signs the lowest point of the Sun before it disappears to rise again in the other world. And what causes theSun to finally disappear is that a or perhaps even a householder shepherd closes a gate and leads away the flock of children or perhaps sheep. At this point, the speaker would be in darkness and have no idea what happens next.

4. What is the most useful thing that you have ever learnt? Write two or three of paragraphs about it.    7

Ans: I would say that everything I did in school was overall advantageous. It assisted in making me highly read, able to understand science, able to construct cohesive arguments, and gave me plenty of areas to flex my writing muscles in. It helped me learn how to organize my thoughts and express them well; it fettered my mind in useful formation. I have learnt many useful thing in my life from the age of 5 years to till now. Basically, school made me educated. It is useful to be educated. So, educated is most useful thing that I have ever learnt.

Computer science is a useful thing that I had ever learned. As you know this is the science and technology world where computers play a very important role in moving in new technology and techniques. So, I also wanted to move into the science and technology world with the help of computers. When I was 7 years old I started computer class, at first I thought the computer is not important for us but the computer was a compulsory subject in our class.

so, I had to study it. Later, I know the importance of computers in our life. After I know about computer science important, I started taking regular classes in school. And it is not enough for me to learn then stared learning computer classes in computer center. In computer center I learn many things about computer components, hardware, software, and basic class. After the age of 15 wanted to learn programming language at that time programming language is most popular, till now I'm learning programming language like; C++, Html, Phyton, flutter and more other. Now day every body depend upon the computer.

5. You have received this email from your friend Nitesh.

From: Nitesh

Subject: Holiday

Some school friends of mine are visiting your village soon for a week's touring holiday. They would like to travel around about your local area and understand its history. Can you tell me about some of the places they could visit please? What's the best way to travel around -bus, car, bike or on foot? Thanks, Nitesh

Write a reply email to Nitesh.


From: Raj

To: Nitesh

Subject: Re: Holiday

Hi, Nitesh

I'm very excited and happy that some of your school friends are coming! Our local areas is best for touring and your friends have choose a great area for a touring in holiday. Our village Morang is best for tourism place. 

There are many natural, cultural things that determine the Morang is best for tourism. Places like Betani Simsar, Betana Simsar, Hasina Simsar, Jefale hill, Neselung hill among other touristic spots in the district have witnessed an increasing number of visitors. The natural beauty of Betana Simsar, a wetland park adjacent to the East-West highway at Belbari, draws a lot of visitors. A large number of people who want to enjoy the natural beauty have flocked to Betana. I the experience of our local areas, this place is mostly visited by domestic tourists. Another touristic place in our local area, Betini Simsar at Urlabari-2, is also drawing a lot of visitors. You will find many historical places in our area like Birat king palace, king dhannal palace Birat temple, Mahadev temple, etc. many more historical places you will find in our local area. You and your friend can do adventures like hiking and you may make documentaries about the historical place. However, it is not bad to travel by car or bike.

I'm so excited to see you and your friend, and I'll be joining you to guide our local area, too.


6. Many students in Nepal tend to choose to study abroad. To what extent does this trend benefit the students and the country? What are the drawbacks? Write an essay to explain your thoughts in about 300 words.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Studying Abroad 

In recent years, a growing number of Nepalese students have chosen to study abroad. While this trend can have some benefits for students and the country, it also comes with some drawbacks.

One of the main benefits of studying abroad for Nepalese students is the opportunity to access higher quality education. Many universities abroad have strong reputations and offer cutting-edge research opportunities that may not be available in Nepal. Studying abroad can also provide students with exposure to different cultures and experiences that can broaden their perspectives and make them more competitive in the global job market.

Studying abroad can also benefit Nepal as a country by allowing students to bring back new skills and knowledge to their home country. This can be particularly valuable in areas such as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, where Nepal has struggled to keep up with other countries in terms of innovation and development. Additionally, students who study abroad may be more likely to build international networks and partnerships that can lead to future collaborations and investments in Nepal.

However, there are also drawbacks to the trend of Nepalese students studying abroad. For one, the high cost of tuition and living expenses in many countries can put a strain on families who may already be struggling financially. Additionally, some students may struggle to adapt to a new culture and may feel isolated or overwhelmed, which can impact their academic performance and mental health.

Another potential drawback of Nepalese students studying abroad is the brain drain that can occur when students choose not to return to Nepal after completing their studies. This can result in a loss of talent and skills that could benefit the country.

In conclusion, while the trend of Nepalese students studying abroad has some potential benefits for students and the country as a whole, there are also drawbacks that should be considered. It is important to strike a balance between encouraging students to pursue educational opportunities abroad while also investing in higher education and research opportunities in Nepal to retain and attract talent.ay attract talent. 

7. Do as indicated in the brackets and rewrite the sentences. (10×1=10)

a. I’m going to tell you something very important, so please listen carefully (Complete the sentence with an appropriate adverb.)

b. The old man died of a heart attack. (Put the correct preposition in the blank.)

c. More than one person is going to have to find a new job. (Put the correct verb in the blank.)

d. You'll have to (has to/have to/must/had to) tell the police that your house was broken into. (Choose the correct option from the bracket to complete the sentence.)

e. He only realised he had lost his keys when he reached his front door. (Complete the sentence using correct forms of verbs: lose)

f. A lot of people are worried about losing (to lose/losing) their jobs. (Choose the correct option from the bracket to complete the sentence.)

g. Although the AC was on, the room was not cool. (Put a correct conjunction in the blank to complete the sentence.)

h. Between 2000 and 2005 she wrote three novels, none of which (neither of which/none which/none of which) were published. (Choose the correct option from the bracket to complete the sentence.)

i. I like people laughing at me. (Change into passive.)

Ans: I like being laughed at.

j. Could you please open the window? (Report this with the reporting clause: She requested ………..)

Ans: She requested me to open the window.

8. Choose and copy the correct answer. (5×1=5)

a. Which of the following words has a different initial sound?

i. check ii. chess iii. chemical iv. chairman

Ans: iii. chemical

b. The last sound in the word 'push' is transcribed as

i. /ʃ/ ii. /z/ iii. /s/ iv. /tʃ/

Ans: i. /ʃ/

c. I can't ……….. the pain.

i. bare ii. bear iii. beer iv. bore

Ans: ii. bear

d. Which word would you find in a dictionary that comes between the guide words: kiwi …knit?

i. king ii. Kitty iii. knob iv. knife

Ans: iv. knife

e. The babysitter ……….. the girl while her parents were not at home.

i. looked after ii. looked at iii. looked over iv. looked up

Ans: looked after

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